In 776 B.C., the first Olympic Games were held at the foot of Mount Olympus to honor the Greeks’ chief god, Zeus. The warm climate for outdoor activities, the need for preparedness in war, and their lifestyle caused the Greeks to create competitive sports. Only the elite and military could participate at first, but later the games were open to all free Greek males who had no criminal record. The Greeks emphasized physical fitness and strength in their education of youth. Therefore, contest in running, jumping, discuss and javelin throwing, boxing, and horse and chariot racing were held in individual cities, and the winners competed every four years at Mount Olympus. Winners were greatly honored by having olive wreaths placed on their heads and having poems sung about their deeds. Originally these contests were held as games of friendship, and any wars in progress were halted to allow the games to take place. They also helped to strengthen bonds among competitors and the different cities represented.
The Greeks attached so much importance to the games that they calculated time in four-year cycles called “Olympiads,” dating from 776 B.C. The contest coincided with religious festivities and constituted an all-out effort on the part of the participants to please the gods. Any who disobeyed the rules were dismissed and seriously punished. These athletes brought shame not only to themselves, but also to the cities they represented.
1. Which of the following is NOT true?
a. Winners placed olive wreaths on their own heads.
b. The games were held in Greece every four years.
c. Battles were interrupted to participate in the games.
d. Poem glorified the winners in song.
· Answer D is Wrong because not listed in the above story
2. The word “elite” in line 5 is closest in meaning to…
a. Aristocracy c. intellectuals
b. Brave d. muscular
· The correct answer is C, Because of the four option above is only intellectuals who has the same meaning as “elite”
3. Why were the Olympic Games held?
a. To stop wars c. To crown the best athletes
b. To honor Zeus d. To sing songs about the athletes
· The correct answer is B, Because the beginning of story said that the first Olympic Games were held at the foot of Mount Olympus to honor the Greeks’ chief god, Zeus.
4. Approximately how many years ago did these games originate?
a. 800 years b. 1,200 years c. 2,300 years d. 2,800 years
· The correct answer is D, Because the calculation is 778 BC + 2012 AD (current year) the answer is rounded to 2778 years or 2800 years
5. What conclusion can we draw about the ancient Greeks?
a. They were pacifists.
b. They believed athletic events were important
c. They were very simple
d. They couldn’t count, so they used “Olympiads” for dates
· The correct answer is B, in the first sentence in second paragraph that “The Greeks attached so much importance to the games that they calculated time in four-year cycles called “Olympiads,” dating from 776 B.C.”
6. What is the main idea of this passage?
a. Physical fitness was an integral part of the lives of the ancient Greeks
b. The Greeks severely punished those who did not participate in physical fitness programs
c. The Greeks had always encouraged everyone to participate in the games
d. The Greeks had the games coincide with religious festivities so that they could go back to war when the games were over.
· The correct answer is D, Because the end of sentence says that The contest coincided with religious festivities and constituted an all-out effort on the part of the participants to please the gods.
7. In line 14, the word “deeds” is closest in meaning to
· The correct answer is A, Because the Meaning of "deeds" is the act or acts. The sentence can also be interpreted as "accomplishments" that have a sense of completion,accomplishment, or skill.
8. Which of the following was ultimately required of all athletes competing in the Olympics?
a. They must have completed military service
b. They had to attend special training sessions
c. They had to be Greek males with no criminal record
d. They had to be very religious
· The correct answer is C, Because described in the third sentence in first paragraph that “the games were open to all free Greek males who had no criminal record.”
9. The word “halted” in line 16 means most nearly the same as ..
· The correct answer is C, Because in the above discourse, the meaning of halted is stopped/paused may also mean that curtailed means limiting or reduced
10. What is an “Olympiad”?
a. The time it took to finish the games
b. The time between games
c. The it took to finish a war
d. The time it took the athletes to train
· The correct answer is B, Because described in the sentence “ The Greeks attached so much importance to the games that they calculated time in four-year cycles called “Olympiads,”
1. The defendant refused to answer the prosecutor’s questions ____________
a. Because he was afraid it would incriminate him.
b. For fear that they will incriminate him
c. Because he was afraid that his answers would incriminate him
d. Fearing that he will be incriminated by it
· The correct answer is C, Because the word “questions” is the plural form, and the choice C “that his answer” is also plural
2. Mrs. Walker has returned_______________
a. A wallet back to its original owner
b. To its original owner the wallet
c. The wallet to its originally owner
d. The wallet to its original owner
· The correct answer is D, Because the object ‘returned’ must be accompanied by 'to' for explain the object (the wallet). or the word ‘return’ followed by the word ‘to’ and the owner followed by an adverb.
3. The hospital owes____________ for the construction of the new wing.
a. The government twenty million dollars
b. For the government twenty million dollars
c. To the government twenty million dollars
d. Twenty million of dollars to the government
· The correct answer is A, Because the hospital is subject, owes is verb, so we search the object. The most appropriate object is the government twenty million dollars
4. Sarah ____________ that she could not attend classes next week.
a. Told to her professors
b. Said her professors
c. Told her professors
d. Is telling her professors
· The correct answer is C, Because Sarah is subject so after S + V2 + O/Complement. So without ‘to’
5. The artist was asked to show some paintings at the contest because___________
a. He painted very good
b. They believed he painted well
c. Of their belief that he was an good artist
d. The judges had been told of his talents
· The correct answer is B, Because usually after verb we must put adverb not adjective.
6. If motorists do not observe the traffic regulations, they will be stopped, ticketed, and
A B C
have to pay a fine.
· The incorrect sentence is D, Because ‘stopped,ticketed’ in the pasiv voice so ‘have to pay a fine’ must to be converted into pasiv voice with have to be paid a fine.
· Repair : f motorists do not observe the traffic regulations, they will be stopped, ticketed, and have to be paid a fine
7. Fred, who usually conducts the choir rehearsals, did not show up last night
because he had an accident on his way to the practice.
· The incorrect sentence is A, Because rehearls isn’t verb from the choir. Function of rehearsals is complement of the choir, so rehearsals isn’t need ‘s’.
· Repair : Fred, who usually conducts the choir rehearsals, did not show up last night because he had an accident on his way to the practice.
8. A short time before her operation last month, Mrs. Carlyle dreams of her daughter
A B C
who lives overseas.
· The incorrect sentence is C, because sentence above is a slight sentence, then the 'dreams' should be changed to the past is 'dreamed'
· Repair : A short time before her operation last month, Mrs. Carlyle dreamed of her daughter
9. The atmosphere in Andalucía is open, warm, and gives a welcome feeling to all
who have the good fortune to visit there.
· The incorrect sentence is C, Because position of this sentence isn’t need subject pronoun but this sentence needs complement and must be change with ‘that’.
· Repair : The atmosphere in Andalucia is open, warm, and gives a welcome feeling to all that have the good fortune to visit there
10. Some of the people were standing in the street watched the parade,
A B C
while others were singing songs.
· The incorrect sentence is C, Because this sentence use past continous tense, so all of the verb must to be add (verb-ing) not verb 2.
· Repair : Some of the people were standing in the street were watching the parade, while others were singing songs.